When someone is having trouble breathing, it can be a very frightening experience. If you are with someone who is struggling to breathe, there are some things you can do to help them. It’s important to stay calm and try to help the person relax. This is often the most effective way to help someone who is having difficulty breathing. Here are some tips on how to help someone who is having trouble breathing.
1. Make sure the person is in a comfortable position
If they are sitting, make sure their back is straight and their feet are resting on the ground. Additionally, try to elevate their head and shoulders so they are in a more upright position. This will help them take deeper breaths. If the person is lying down, make sure their head is elevated and they are resting on their side. Also, if the person has a tracheostomy, be sure to check that the tube is unobstructed and secure. It’s also important to make sure the person has enough space to move their arms and legs.
2. Help the person relax
If the person is feeling anxious or panicked, it can make it even harder to breathe. Helping them to relax will often make it easier for them to breathe. You can try massaging their back or neck, or simply talking to them in a calm and soothing voice. It’s important to remain calm, as this will help the person feel more relaxed. Additionally, try to avoid any sudden movements, as this can startle the person and make it even harder to breathe. If the person is having a panic attack, you can also try to help them by teaching them some relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing or progressive muscle relaxation.
3. Encourage the person to take slow, deep breaths
Tell the person to breathe in through their nose and out through their mouth. It’s also important to encourage them to take slow, deep breaths. This will help to get more oxygen into their lungs and prevent hyperventilation. Additionally, you can try placing your hand on their stomach and telling them to breathe into your hand. This can help the person focus on taking slow, deep breaths. Also, try to avoid talking too much, as this can make the person feel more anxious and make it even harder to breathe.
4. Call for help
If the person is still having trouble breathing, it’s important to call for help. This is especially important if the person is not responding to your attempts to help them relax and take slow, deep breaths. If you have access to a phone, call 911 or your local emergency number. If you don’t have a phone, try to flag down someone who can help. Make sure to stay with the person until help arrives. Additionally, if the person starts to feel dizzy or lightheaded, have them lie down so they don’t faint.
5. Administer CPR if necessary
If the person stops breathing entirely, it’s important to begin CPR right away. CPR can be effective in restoring breathing and circulation. However, it’s important to only administer CPR if you are properly trained and confident in your ability to do so. If you are not properly trained, you can do more harm than good. If you are not properly trained in CPR, call 911 or your local emergency number and wait for someone who is properly trained to arrive. It’s also important to keep in mind that CPR is often not effective, so don’t be too discouraged if it doesn’t work.
6. Seek medical help
If the person is still having trouble breathing after you’ve tried all of the above, it’s important to seek medical help. This is especially important if the person is not responding to CPR. Call 911 or your local emergency number and wait for an ambulance to arrive. Make sure to stay with the person until help arrives. Additionally, if the person has a known medical condition, such as asthma or COPD, make sure to let the medical responders know. This will help them provide the best possible care.
If you find yourself in a situation where someone is having trouble breathing, it’s important to stay calm and act quickly. By following the above steps, you can often help the person to breathe more easily and avoid serious medical complications. However, if the person stops breathing entirely or does not respond to your attempts to help, it’s important to call for medical help right away. This is the best way to ensure that the person gets the care they need.